This is a topic that has almost certainly confused each and every one of us in our reading and writing at some point or another. When do we use single quotes?
Putting the right expert observation in the right place can make an essay shine. Don't allow improper formatting to distract your reader.
Proper formatting of quotes, attributions and citations differs slightly depending on whether you are using Modern Language Association or American Psychological Association style, but general principles apply to both.
Check with your instructor to determine the precise style desired. Format Your Quote Begin and end short quotations with double quotation marks. Do not leave a space between the quotation marks and the text. Only the exact words of your source and the punctuation of the quote itself should be inside the quotation marks.
Separate lines of poetry with a space, a forward slash and another space. Quotations that are longer than four lines of prose or three lines of poetry are formatted as "block" quotes. Use a colon at the end of the phrase that leads to the quote. Begin the quote on a new line, indent the entire quote one inch farther than the body of your text and do not use quotation marks.
Additions and Deletions A quote must be the source's exact words, but sometimes you will only need the most relevant words.
If you are omitting a section of a quote, indicate this by using ellipses, otherwise known as "three little dots. If your ellipses comes at the end of a sentence, end the sentence with a period first. If the quoted material that follows begins in the middle of a sentence and was not capitalized in the original, use a capital in brackets to indicate the change while making the sentence correct.
If you need to add a couple of words within a quote to clarify something, put your own words in brackets. They are shorthand that allows the reader to locate more information about your source on your works cited page. In MLA style, a parenthetical citation contains the author's last name and the page number where the quote can be found: You can omit the author's name if you've already identified her as the person speaking or writing, and just use the page number within parentheses.
If you're quoting more than one Smith, include a first initial; if you're quoting more than one book by Smith, include a shortened version of this book's title. Parenthetical citations belong outside the last set of quotation marks, before the punctuation that ends the sentence for a short quote and following it for a block quote.
Other Types of Sources If you are quoting a work with no known author, use a shortened version of the title of the work in your parenthetical citation, putting this in quotation marks if it's an article or short work and in italics if it is a full-length book. If you're citing a website, omit page numbers.
The important thing is that the first word of your citation be the same as the first word of the work's entry on your works cited page, so the reader can find it easily.
Citing Multiple Authors, Multi-Volume Works or Classics If you're citing a work by three or more authors, use all last names in your initial citation; after that, you can name just the first one and use the phrase et al as shorthand for including the rest.MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
If you find yourself writing a quote within a quote within a quote, i.e., three layers deep, it’s probably best to rework your sentence.
Three levels of quotations are a bit much for the reader to make sense of. If, however, a sentence rework is impossible, just add another level of hierarchy.
Putting a Quote Within a Quote When you have a quotation that is inside of another quotation it is called a nested quotation.
Nested quotes follow a hierarchical structure of alternating between double quotation marks and single quotation marks. Aug 29, · Cite long quotes and short quotes differently. In MLA format, any quote over three lines is considered a long quote and should be formatted and cited differently.
As previously mentioned, long quotes are indented 1 inch or 10 spaces from the left margin and aren't surrounded by quotation marks%(83).
You will need to give credit to both the original source and the source you actually used. For example, if you read Chan's book (published in ) and wanted to quote or paraphrase Chan's quotation of Nguyen (who published her work in ), your in-text citation will look like this.
The quote within the quote, Do unto others as you would have them do unto you, is enclosed in single quotation marks. (The British convention is the opposite; the main quote would use single quotation marks and the quote within the quote would use double quotation marks.).